Geoplanidae Stimpson, 1857

Languages: English


General Description

Terrestrial planarians (Tricladida: Geoplanidae) constitute a poorly understood group of free-living flatworms containing somewhat over eight hundred species of flat or cylindrical animals, 4-600 mm in length.

Author(s): Mateos, Eduardo; Giribet, Gonzalo; Carranza, Salvador
Rights holder(s): Contributions to Zoology


  • Terricola Hallez, 1892 (synonym)


Antunes, M. B., Marques D. I. L., & Leal-Zanchet A. M. (2008).  Composição das comunidades de planárias terrestres (Platyhelminthes, Tricladida, Terricola) em duas áreas de floresta estacional semidecidual do sul do Brasil. Neotropical Biology and Conservation. 3, 34-38. Abstract
Ball, I. R. (1974).  A contribution to the phylogeny and biogeography of the freshwater triclads (Platyhelminthes, Turbellaria). Biology of the Turbellaria. 339-401. New York: McGraw-Hill.
Baptista, V. A., & Leal-Zanchet A. M. (2010).  Land flatworm community structure in a subtropical deciduous forest in Southern Brazil. Belgian Journal of Zoology. 140, 83-90. Abstract
Baptista, V. A., Oliveira S. M., & Leal-Zanchet A. M. (2010).  Inventário de planárias terrestres (Platyhelminthes, Tricladida) em remanescente de Floresta Estacional Decidual do Sul do Brasil. Biota Neotropica. 10, 247-252. Abstract
Carbayo, F., & Froehlich E. M. (2012).  Three new Brazilian species of the land planarian Choeradoplana (Platyhelminthes: Tricladida: Geoplaninae), and an emendation of the genus. Journal of Natural History. 46, 1153-1177.
Carbayo, F., Álvarez-Presas M., Olivares C. T., Marques F. P. L., Froehlich E., & M. Riutort M. (2013).  Molecular phylogeny of Geoplaninae (Platyhelminthes) challenges current classification: proposal of taxonomic actions. Zoologica Scripta. 42, 508-528.
Ducey, P. K., West L-J., Shaw G., & De Lisle J. (2005).  Reproductive ecology and evolution in the invasive terrestrial planarian Bipalium adventitium across North America. Pedobiologia. 49, 367-377 . Abstract
Dynes, C., Fleming C. C., & A.K. M. (2001).  Genetic variation in native and introduced populations of the ‘New Zealand flatworm’, Arthurdendyus triangulatus. Ann. appl. Biol. 139, 165-174.
Fick, I. A., Leal-Zanchet A. M., & Vieira E. M. (2006).  Community structure of land flatworms (Platyhelminthes, Terricola): comparisons between Araucaria and Atlantic forest in Southern Brazil. Invertebrate Biology. 125, 306-313. Abstract
Grau, J. H., & Carbayo F. (2010).  Panorama de la diversidad de planarias terrestres (Platyhelminthes: Tricladida) del Chile. Boletín de Biodiversidad de Chile. 2, 41-54. Abstract
Leal-Zanchet, A M., ROSSI ILANA., SEITENFUS ANA LÚCIA RAMOS., & ALVARENGA JULIANA. (2012).  Two new species of land flatworms and comments on the genus Pasipha Ogren & Kawakatsu, 1990 (Platyhelminthes: Continenticola). Zootaxa. 3583, 1–21.
Leal-Zanchet, A. M., Baptista V. A., Campos L. M., & Raffo J. F. (2010).  Spatial and temporal patterns of land flatworm assemblages in Brazilian Araucaria forests. Invertebrate Biology. 130, 25-33. Abstract
Mateos, E., Giribet G., & Carranza S. (1998).  Terrestrial planarians (Platyhelminthes, Tricladida, Terricola) from the Iberian peninsula: first records of the family Rhynchodemidae, with the description of a new Microplana species. Contributions to Zoology. 67, 267-276. Abstract
Stimpson, W. (1857).  Prodromus descriptionis animalium evertebratorum, quae in Expeditione ad Oceanum, Pacificum Septentrionalem a Republica Federata missa, Johanne Rodgers Duce, observavit et descripsit. Pars. I. Turbellaria Dendrocoela. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia. 9, 19-31.
von Graff, L. (1899).  Monographie der Turbellarien. II. Tricladida Terricola (Landplanarien). 2, 574. Leipzig: Wilhelm Engelmann.
Wu, S-K., Kawakatsu M., Lue K-Y., Lee J-D., Tsai C-L., Lin H-H., et al. (2005).  A Preliminary Study on Land Planarians of Taiwan. 特有生物研究. 7, 23-40. Abstract